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Us Taliban Agreement Main Points

There are a number of assumptions that the agreement makes that are problematic. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not part of the negotiations or signed the final agreement. Although U.S. Ambassador Zalmay Khaililzad tried to keep Afghan President Ashraf Ghani informed and kept on board, the Afghan government was increasingly concerned and upset that they had been excluded from discussions about his own country`s future. The fact that the Afghan government or its representatives were not allowed to participate in the negotiations was due to the insistence of the Taliban, who said that the current government in Afghanistan was not a legitimate government, but a puppet of the United States. Whether this is true or not can be debated, but the Taliban have imposed themselves on this issue. Iran. Shiite-majority Iran has long regarded the Taliban, a Sunni group, as an enemy, especially since it has received support from its Iranian rivals, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. In 2001, Iran accepted U.S. efforts to overthrow the Taliban and supported the Afghan government. In the meantime, Iranian leaders have recognized that the Taliban will retain some power in Afghanistan and have therefore begun to work to improve relations. Drug trafficking from Afghanistan via Iran and opium dependence in Iran are problems in relations between the two countries.

Despite the peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban, insurgent attacks on Afghan security forces have reportedly intensified in the country. In the 45 days following the agreement (between March 1 and April 15, 2020), the Taliban carried out more than 4,500 attacks in Afghanistan, an increase of more than 70% over the same period last year. [108] More than 900 Afghan security forces were killed during this period, compared to about 520 in the same period the previous year. Meanwhile, as a result of the agreement, the number of offensives and airstrikes by Afghan and U.S. forces against the Taliban has decreased significantly, from about 1,660 in the same period last year. Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said that while the Taliban had stopped carrying out attacks against U.S.-led coalition forces in Afghanistan, the violence was still «unacceptable» and «not conducive to a diplomatic solution.» He added: «We have continued to carry out defensive attacks to defend our partners in the region, and we will continue to do so.» [108] After months of negotiations, the Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second militant group in the country after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul. It was the first peace treaty since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001. Government officials hailed the agreement as a step towards peace and perhaps also as an agreement with the Taliban. [57] However, others have expressed concern about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The agreement included the United States to move it from a list of «global terrorists» to the white list. Parts of Afghan society have protested the peace treaty because of its previous actions.

[58] Minutes before the agreement was signed, a joint statement by the United States and the Afghan government indicated that U.S. and NATO troops would withdraw from Afghanistan within 14 months.


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